HallaNaija learned that a stomach or intestinal disease is plaguing Lagos, and according to Commissioner for Health, Prof. Akin Abayomi, some 117 persons have been infected by the disease in five local government areas of the state.
The ailment is called gastroenteritis and it is the name for the inflammation of the stomach and intestines.
Gastroenteritis is a bacterial or viral infection which causes vomiting and diarrhoea.
Its symptoms may include diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
Symptoms may also include feverishness, a lack of energy and dehydration.
“Patients with gastroenteritis come down with severe acute watery diarrhea and profuse vomiting. Those infected with micro-organisms causing the disease show signs and symptoms within 12 hours to one week after ingesting contaminated food or water. The disease affects both children and adults and can kill within hours if untreated,” Abayomi says.
Causes Of gastroenteritis?
Poor hygiene, eating contaminated food and drinking contaminated water are causal factors, like Abayomi pointed earlier.
The micro-organisms that cause gastroenteritis are the same ones that cause typhoid fever, cholera and certain viral diseases.
Consuming uncooked seafood, unwashed fruits and vegetables or shellfish from estuarine waters, can also leave you prone to gastroenteritis infection.
How to avoid contracting gastroenteritis?
By eating well cooked meals, washing your hands thoroughly, avoiding roadside eateries and drinking clean or safe water.
Abayomi advises that you wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before eating; cook food thoroughly; dispose waste material properly, avoid open and indiscriminate defecation and keep water containers clean.
Citizens must ensure proper disposal of waste and ensure they avoid possible backflow connection between water and sewer system.
“It is important that citizens wash hands with soap and running water thoroughly especially after defecation, before eating or food preparation and when they have been in contact with a sick person or touch any item or surface that may have been contaminated”, Abayomi says.
Stay safe out there guys!